Padel rules Field, Ball, Racket, Players, Serves, and Scoring.

Padel rules Field, Ball, Racket🎾, Players, Serves, and Scoring🎾.

Perhaps you have already heard of paddle tennis, since this sport is right now one of the most popular and booming. And since not everyone knows the official regulations well , we are going to give you a summary of the basic rules of paddle tennis so that you can start practicing it too.

In this article we will talk about the basic rules, the field, the ball, the rackets, the players, the score, the serve and much more. Although padel may seem like a complicated sport, with this summary you will know the most important padel rules . Discover why this sport excites so many people.


  • Padel history
  • Padel rules summarized
  • Paddle court dimensions
  • The ball according to the rules of paddle tennis
  • Padel rules for blades or rackets
  • Padel players
  • Scoring according to the rules of paddle tennis
  • Padel rules for the serve or service
  • Fouls in the serve or service (lost point)
  • The rest or return of serve
  • Vocabulary used in the padel rules
Padel history

Paddle tennis was born in the Mexican city of Acapulco , in 1969. When it occurred to Enrique Corcuera to adapt a track measuring 20 meters x 10 meters on his farm, placing walls at the bottom and sides, in order to play on a track closed and his balls would not get lost in the vegetation, in addition to preventing it from invading his new track. He played with wooden paddles and initially called it Paddle-Tennis .

Years later, Enrique Corcuera invited his friend Alfonso de Hohenlohe in 1974 to travel to Mexico. During his trip he practices the sport invented by Enrique and is very interested in this new sport. Upon returning to Spain, after investigating, analyzing and making up some details, Alfonso came up with the idea of ​​transferring paddle tennis from Mexico to Spain with the construction of the first two paddle tennis courts in Spain, specifically in his club, the Marbella Club . And this is how the history of paddle tennis began in Mexico and made the leap to Europe, to take its first steps.

Padel rules summarized

Firstly, comment that it has a similarity with badminton and tennis. Although they have different regulations, they are from the same family of sports.

The rules of paddle tennis are similar to these sports, some of which differ, such as the size of the court and its accessories. Considered a modern and very fashionable game today, since it was created at the end of the last century, and very fashionable both in Europe and in America. The paddle tennis regulation has 3 main protagonists: the paddle tennis field or playing court, the paddle and the ball.

The rules of paddle tennis are regulated by the highest competent body of paddle tennis, such as the International Paddle Federation (FIP), and both professionals and amateurs follow these rules . The World Paddle Tour, similar to the ATP in tennis (Association of Professional Tennis Players), is the largest paddle tennis circuit that is also governed by these rules. In addition, each country has its own federation in charge of enforcing the rules of paddle tennis in its territory.

DO NOT MISS OUT ON = Beach handball, 🤽‍♂️🥇a sport that is gaining more and more followers🏆

Paddle court dimensions

According to the rules of paddle tennis, the track has to be rectangular, 10 meters wide by 20 meters long. Divided in half by a net held by a cable inside and attached to the side posts that hold this cable. Said network will have a length of 10 meters and a height of 88 to 92 centimeters from the ground.

The paddle tennis court according to the regulations is divided into blocks with lines painted on the ground. That is, they are delimited by the center line and the service or service line . In addition, the track is completely closed with walls between 3 and 6 meters. There are also different types of track: synthetic grass, carpet with sand, or cement.

field choice

This choice according to the rules of paddle tennis will be made through a draw, as in football, where the winner will be able to choose between starting serving or choosing the field.

In the professional world, the paddle tennis regulations say that it is raffled by tossing a coin. While in amateur matches a point is usually played, commonly known as "to see who serves", in which once the 4 players have touched the ball, they will choose who wins that point.

field changes

According to the regulations, couples will change courts when the sum of the games in each set is an odd number. While in the " tie-break " the players will change fields every 6 points.

The paddle tennis rules state that you have 90 seconds for each change of court during the set, and 120 seconds at the end of the set. In addition, at the end of the set, the field will only be changed if the sum of the games is odd, if it were even, the next set begins without changing the field. In the first game of each set the court is changed as it is odd but there is no rest.

The ball according to the rules of paddle tennis

The paddle ball is a rubber sphere, usually yellow and white. Its measurements are between 6.35 and 6.77 cm, with a weight between 56 and 59.4 grams.

The balls will have a stipulated rebound between 135 and 145 cm when it falls from a height greater than 2.5 meters, exactly from 2.54 meters. And it will have a pressure between 4.6 kg and 5.2 kg for every 2.54 square cm. There is an exception in terms of the bounce of the balls and it is depending on the height with respect to sea level, where from 500 meters it could have a lower bounce of 121.92 cm at 135 cm.

In official 2020 competition matches, the balls are currently changed at the start of each set . In other cases, such as the loss or puncture of the ball, it is the judge who decides to incorporate balls into the game.

Ball in play according to the rules of paddle tennis

The game starts from the completion of a valid serve, and continues in play until the ball hits any of the elements of the track and does not bounce in the opposite field before, except with the net that can touch and fall to opposite field. When the ball bounces on the ground, the game continues and it has to be returned by the rivals before it bounces again.

Padel rules for blades or rackets

According to the regulations , paddle tennis is played with paddles, also called paddles or rackets. These measures 45.5 cm long, 26 cm wide and 38 mm thick in profile. With the part that is hit the ball does not exceed 26 cm wide and 30 cm long.

It is perforated by holes in the front part, and it can be flat, smooth or rough. The racket according to the rules can have devices that prevent vibrations, deterioration and elements to distribute the weight of the racket to the taste of each user.

Also in the paddles it is mandatory to have a strap of approximately 35cm that holds the paddle to the wrist mainly to avoid accidents, but also to avoid changing the hand paddle which is something prohibited according to the regulations .

Padel players

According to the regulation there are two types of paddle tennis :

  • Individual.
  • Double.

Players from each team can be placed anywhere on their field. No player may be off the court when the serve is taken. The team in charge of putting the ball into play with the serve is called the server, and the opposing team that returns the serve is called the receiver.

Players may go off the court to hit a ball that has bounced across the court and then out of doors or over the walls.

Scoring according to the rules of paddle tennis

The score in paddle tennis is equal to that of tennis. Each match is played to the best of 3 sets, if a team wins 2 sets they win the match.

To win the set one of the two teams must reach 6 games with a difference of 2 compared to the other team, in case of a tie at 5, they will play up to 7 so that there is a difference of 2. And in the case of reaching 6 -6 the tie break will be played in which each point is a game and the first to reach 7 wins with a tiebreaker of two and no limit.

During each game the score is called each point:

  • 1 point would be 15.
  • 2 points is 30.
  • 3 points 40.
  • 4 points team wins the game.
  • If both teams win 3 points and the game goes 40-40, it is called equal, and the team that makes two points in a row wins.

Padel rules for the serve or service

The player in charge of serving will be placed behind the service line on the right side, which is where the service begins. Each point on one side of the field alternating, the even points will be taken from the right side and the odd ones from the left.

The ball must be hit after bouncing and below the player's waist, and must be sent to the opponent's field, towards the diagonal service rectangle, and it is valid if it bounces in this opposite box and goes towards the glass or bounces two times in the opposite field. If it hit the mesh or side fence it would not be valid (only in serves).

The serving team has two opportunities per serve, if the first is missed there is a second opportunity, and if this is missed it is also a point for the receiving team. Also if the serve touches the net and enters this is repeated. The order of the serves is decided at the beginning of each set and can be changed at the beginning of the next set, in each game one player of the pair serves.

DO NOT MISS OUT ON = Handball rules in brief History and basic regulations🤾‍♀️🤾‍♂️: fouls, doubles🤾‍♀️🤾‍♂️

Padel rules for the receiver

When the ball has bounced, the receiver has to return it to the opposite field to continue the point. The serve cannot be subtracted without letting the server's ball bounce on the field.

Fouls in the serve or service (lost point)

There are different ways to commit a foul during a serve:

  • Failure to comply with any of the service rules that we explained above.
  • If the player hits the moving ball.
  • When trying to hit the ball fails and does not hit.
  • The ball hits the partner or any object he is carrying.
  • The ball bounces in the reception box and touches the metal mesh before giving the second bounce.
  • The ball bounces in the receiving box and out the gate.

The rest or return of serve

To execute the remainder of the serve or return to continue play of the point:

  • The remaining player must wait for the ball to bounce within their corresponding service reception space and hit it before it bounces on the ground the second time.
  • It can be decided at each start of the set, before receiving the first serve, which side to take each receiver. Once the set has started, you can no longer change sides to subtract until you start a new set.
  • Each serve is received alternately to each opponent, one point to each.
  • If the remaining player or his partner hits the ball before it has bounced, it is the serving team's point. It is mandatory to let the ball bounce to receive the serve.

Vocabulary used in the padel rules


  • Backspin : It is the effect of cutting the ball in the stroke. When the ball bounces it is low and with a tendency to fall into the net.
  • Balance: It is the distribution of the weight of a blade. There are big-headed shovels and shovels with the balance towards the fist.
  • Egg ball : It is when the ball bounces in the angle (corner) formed by one of the walls of the track and the ground and it is considered good.
  • Dead ball : When the bounce has little output and the ball falls quickly to the ground, whether or not it touches the back or side walls.
  • Arm-hand shovel : It is the arm or hand with which we hold the shovel.


  • Edges : The edges of the blades.
  • Barrel : It is the lower part of the blade, from which the cord that is tied to the wrist comes out, to prevent the blade from escaping.
  • Contrapared : It is when you hit the ball in the direction of the wall of our field so that after its rebound, it goes to the opposite field.
  • Double wall that opens : That shot in which the ball, once it has bounced on the ground, bounces first on the side wall (right or backhand) and then on the back wall before being hit by the player.
  • Double wall that closes : That shot in which the ball, once it has bounced on the ground, bounces first off the back wall and then on the side wall (forehand or backhand) before being hit by the player.


  • EVA : Ethyl vinyl acetate, is a rubber with high shock absorption power used for the core of the blades.


  • Grip : It is the part by which we hold the shovel.


  • Let : It is the expression that indicates that, in the service, the ball has touched the net but has passed it, and the point is repeated.


  • Overgrip : It is placed above the handle that the racket has and allows us the best adaptation and customization of the grip to each hand.


  • Picky : Ball picker, it is the tube used in the classes to pick up the balls from the ground.
  • Sweet spot: It is the optimal place of impact to the ball.


  • Sidespin : Lateral effect that receives the ball in the hit.
  • Split-Step : It is the small jump that is given to return to the initial position of preparation.
  • Super Tie : It is the tie Break that will be played to 10 points instead of 7.


  • Topspin : Effect that is given to the ball with the blow.
  • Bullfighting the ball : It is referred to the rebound hit.