Types of passes in basketball: chest pass, baseball pass, bounce pass, baseball pass - teenflixsports

Passes in basketball Types of passes in basketball:🏀 chest pass, bounce pass, baseball pass🏆🥇

Passing in basketball is one of the most important technical fundamentals in basketball. At all times, good quality in its execution must be claimed in order to obtain advantages in the game. To achieve this quality in basketball passing, players must understand its importance. In addition, the different types of passes in basketball that correspond according to the situation must be used. Strength, precision, timing and the right place to pass define its quality. Some keys to pass in basketball success are: having good control of the ball, aiming for the hand of the player who is furthest from the opponents, and combining the movement of the arm, wrist and fingers to achieve a strong, precise and fast throw.

Passing in basketball will allow you to develop the game together and make sense of the game idea that this sport has: playing collectively. In this article, in addition to understanding the importance of this technical foundation, we will also review the different types of passes in basketball that exist, such as the chest pass , the bounce pass, and the baseball pass . We will see which of them is the simplest, the correct execution and application of each of them, as well as other slightly more complex basketball passes .

Types of passes in basketball

Passing in basketball is very important as it is a team sport. The pass is the offensive foundation that relates, at least, two players in the same action. One of them (passer) transfers control of the ball to another (receiver). A coordinated action of both players is needed for there to be quality in this gesture. Also, there needs to be a good reception for there to be a good basketball pass.

Due to the regulations established by FIBA , basketball passes can only be done by hand. The player can decide to push the ball with one hand or with both, according to his comfort. The most frequent basketball pass is done with both hands, starting from the chest so that the partner receives the ball at a similar height. This is called a chest pass and is considered the foundation of the rest. In the next sections, in addition to the chest pass , we will analyze all the types of basketball passes that exist, such as the bounce pass and the baseball pass .

chest pass in basketball

Among the passes in basketball , the most used is the chest pass . It is usually taught first to beginning players, and is used in both static attacking and counter-attacking situations. Thus, it is an ideal basketball pass for all types of distances and game situations, since it is fast, safe and precise. The chest pass technique is simple. As we have mentioned, you must place the ball at chest height, while holding it with both hands and elbows slightly separated from the body. From this position, you have to throw the ball by extending your arms, at the same time that you orient your body in the direction you want to make the pass and take a small step forward.

Next, we will see how to do a chest pass with perfect technique and its fundamentals step by step, although not all players will do it the same way. In general, each player makes the passes in basketball according to the most comfortable and practical way for him. However, to execute a chest pass , it may help to follow these tips:

  • First, you start from a basic stance with your dominant foot slightly back to use it for momentum.
  • Second, you hold the ball with both hands at shoulder height, with your elbows slightly away from your body.
  • Next, the push will begin with a slight bend in the arms towards the chest, which will cause the elbows to open and rise. The thumbs will now be under the ball.
  • Finally, the launch will be carried out by extending the arms and ending with the palms of the hands facing out. In addition, the dominant foot will advance one step, a movement that will give the necessary momentum for the ball to reach the teammate.

Reception of the chest pass

In addition to taking into account the execution of all passes in basketball , it is also important to know how to receive them. The reception of the chest pass is done in the basic position, picking up the ball at chest height and cushioning the delivery by taking a slight step back. It is very important not to open your arms too much so that the ball does not slip between the two, a very common mistake in the most beginners. While it is true that the  chest pass is the most common in basketball, as the game evolves and players become more experienced, this basketball pass is used less. There are more types of passes in basketball , besides the chest pass . It is important to introduce other movements, such as the bounce pass or the baseball pass , as well as vary its speed and the distance between players.

Passing in basketball: bounce pass

The bounce pass consists of making the ball bounce off the ground and rise until it reaches the receiver. This makes it more difficult for the opponent to cut it and easier for the partner to capture. In this way, it is one of the passes in basketball that has an easier reception. It is used in various game situations: if you have a defender trying to prevent you from giving a normal or overhead pass, you should use the chest pass. The main reason is that the defender will leave the area below the waist free, which will be where you will pass the ball to your partner. A clear example is when you want to pass the ball to the center, who is in the inner zone, close to the basket. Other situations in which you can use the bounce pass are the following:

When a player cuts to the basket. It is a common type of basketball pass in the Pass, Cut and Replace system.

  • To get out of a two against one. When defenders try to make the overhead pass difficult, one possible way out is the bounce pass . To take tactical advantage of this situation, the receiver will have to give a quick pass to a player who does not have a defensive guard.
  • To bring out the back door. In this situation, the bounce pass greatly facilitates the reception and completion of the teammate who receives the ball. This player can take advantage of the upward inertia of the ball after bouncing on the ground to leave it high up, as close as possible to the basket.
  • Initiation category players. It is a good basketball pass to work with young children, since its reception is easier and helps to work on upper body strength.

Basketball Bounce Pass Tips

Among the passes in basketball , the chopped pass is one of the most delicate. This happens since you have to measure the speed and force so that it is not too high or too low. In general, it should be a fast pass, since once it hits the ground, the ball will slow down. That way, if you haven't timed speed correctly, it can be a "gift" for the defender and a problem for the receiver. Ideally, after bouncing, the ball reaches the height of the receiver's waist so that its reception is easy and simple. His technique is similar to that of any other type of basketball pass . It can be done both with one and two hands, so the technique will change depending on what we choose.

When you go for a bounce pass , do it decisively and without hesitation. You have to separate from your defender, get space and gain a good angle. Next, you must forcefully impact the ball on the ground. In this way, surely the ball will arrive in the best conditions wherever you have proposed. Even if you think that you have already mastered his technique, since it is one of the simplest types of passes in basketball , it is important to give him prominence in training. After reviewing two of the basic and essential passes in basketball, the chest pass and the bounce pass , we will delve into another very important one: the baseball or over-the-shoulder pass.

Passing in basketball: baseball or over the shoulder pass

The baseball pass is named for its similarity to the pass that is usually made in baseball. To carry it out, it is necessary to hold the ball with both hands - so that one of them will exert force and the other will serve as support -, above the head and behind the ear. Next, you must move the leg on the side where you have the ball behind and move the opposite leg forward. This basketball pass consists of shooting the ball at the same time that you transfer the weight of the body from the back leg to the one you had in front. Next, you release the ball with full arm extension and let the back leg follow the momentum of the body, so that your entire body ends in a balanced manner.

The baseball pass is one of the most powerful passes in basketball . Also, it is usually not as accurate as the others. Normally, it is used to start a counter-attacking play; especially if you want to throw the ball to a teammate who is far away, due to the force applied to the ball. It is also useful for attacking zone defenses. Depending on the disposition of the defenders, an over the shoulder pass can be used to reverse the ball from one side of the pitch to the other, making the defense work and thus easily creating a good advantage.

Drills for the baseball pass

Like all passes in basketball , the over-the-shoulder pass should be taught in initiation categories, as young players can take a lot of advantage of it. It is very useful for getting children motivated to throw the ball far away and, thus, work on their strength. The speed of both the sender and the receiver is very important. For this reason, it is advisable to train this baseball pass by following these exercises:

  • For initiation: the players cross the field with 3 or 4 passes and without dribbling. That way, they will understand what the baseball pass is from the guided discovery.
  • To work on speed and fatigue shooting: one player gives a baseball pass (sender), and another has to run and catch the ball (receiver) before it bounces. The receiver returns the ball to the passer, who shoots for a basket. The roles are then reversed.
  • In 3v0 fast breaks with limited number of passes, players will be forced to use the baseball pass .

After reviewing the three most prominent types of basketball passes ( chest pass , bounce pass , baseball pass ), we will look at other slightly more complex basketball passes . These types of passes mainly serve to confuse the opponent about your true intentions, since they are not movements that you would perform naturally. There are several types of more complex basketball passes , among which we are going to highlight the hand in hand, behind the back and with two hands above the head.

Types of two-handed overhead passes

As we have seen, there are different types of passes in basketball . The overhead pass in one of many passing techniques or ways of passing a ball. Initially, you have to start with the ball held in both hands above your head. To make the pass, you have to bend your elbows before throwing the ball in the direction your teammate is. Next, you extend both arms, accompanying the movement with a flick of the wrist so that the fingers remain pointing towards where you have passed. This basketball pass has to be aimed at the other player's chest or hands, and not necessarily at his head, which is a very common mistake.

All passes in basketball have a specific functionality. In this case, the two-handed overhead pass is used over short and medium distances; for example, it is usually used when we have a defender of the same or smaller size in front of us. Generally, it is a pass that is made to the tallest players. In this way, it is essential that all of them master it perfectly.

Basketball passes: application of the overhead pass

Next, we will look at some more situations in which you can use this pass:

  • After a defensive rebound: the player who has the defensive rebound will punish the defense by making an overhead pass to the point guard.
  • In an offensive transition: The overhead pass is a good solution for that first opening pass, from the defensive rebound situation to the player who has opened up to the wing.
  • Tightly defended player who has missed the dribble: In this situation, many players carry the ball over their heads and end up missing it or making a bad pass. However, you can use the overhead pass as a tool to resolve these situations.
  • Center that receives a two against one in the low post: in this case, the center can use this pass quickly to punish the two against one of the opposing defense.

Passes in basketball: pass hand in hand or handoff

The hand-to-hand or handoff pass is one of the most difficult passes in basketball to intercept without committing a foul. It consists of delivering the ball to the receiver, who comes looking for it to the position of the passer. He holds the ball with both hands, protecting it with his body to move it away from the defender. With his teammate a few centimeters away, he must hand him the ball, always keeping in mind that there is no defender between them. The slightest mistake causes loss of the ball. Therefore, good communication between who is passing the buck is important. At times when the rival defense is very suffocating and you cannot risk giving a pass for fear of losing the ball, it is highly recommended to make use of this resource.

Within the types of passes in basketball , the handoff is the least attractive; the chest pass, the bounce pass or the baseball pass are more striking. However, the pass in hand is a good way to introduce the direct block, both in offensive options (continuation to the basket and opening) and defensively (change, cut, chase, pass through the middle, 2v1, flash).

Types of girdle passes or behind the back

Within basketball passes , the sash pass or behind the back pass is one of the most complicated passes, but at the same time the most attractive. It tends to be very effective when executed correctly, as the defender usually doesn't expect it and allows you to create a clear basket situation. As the name suggests, it is delivered from behind the back, usually when the defender is in front of you. It consists of propelling the ball with the wrist, at the same time that you pass the arm around the back. It is used in short distances, to finish counterattacks in numerical superiority or in 2×1 situations. Currently, the belt pass is widely used, but it is also the one that requires the most skill on the part of the passer. For that reason, It is not recommended to resort to it if you have not previously practiced it. 

Execution of the pass behind the back in basketball

The correct execution of the different types of passes in basketball requires taking into consideration a series of important factors. In this case, we can mention the following:

  • Have a proper basic position, centered hips and good balance.
  • Set the player to whom we are going to pass the ball.
  • Have the ball with the passing hand and place it below.
  • Take the ball towards the back, surrounding the hip and separating the hand from the body.
  • With the elbow extended and the ball away from the body, throw it towards the target.

As we have seen in the previous sections, basketball passes are one of the fundamental elements of the game. There are different types of passes in basketball ; some simpler, such as the chest pass , the bounce pass, and the baseball pass , and others more complex.