Rugby Rules: History, Ball, Field, Playing Positions - teenflixsports

Rugby rules🏈History, ball, field, player positions🏆🥇

Many may think of rugby as a violent sport, but all contact is covered by the rules of rugby union . Despite being an extreme contact sport, there is a popular saying within rugby that goes like this: “Rugby is a hooligan sport played by gentlemen”. This phrase wants to perfectly convey the values ​​of this beautiful sport. And as we have said previously, rugby is not a sport in which violence runs rampant on the field . If a violent act is carried out outside the rugby regulations , it will be harshly reprimanded by the referee, even by the international rugby federation called World Rugby , in addition to the different regional federations.

That is why in rugby not only the physical aspect and the ability with the  ball are worked on , which are the most important when playing, the mind is also worked on, it is very important that new rugby players , whether they are children or Adults, be fully aware of what this sport means and what you can and can't do under the rules of rugby . That they understand that toughness is an isolated fact of the game, and that fair play is as important as playing well in the respective positions .

Fair play is so important that it is included in the  rules of rugby. Throughout the history of rugby , a fact has been repeated at the end of the matches, and that is that in addition to the first and second half that are played on the field , there is a third half, in which the players of the two teams, once the match is over, game, they get together to have a few beers and eat together talking about the game, and their passion for rugby, as well as having a good time together. This being a clear example of "what happens on the field , stays on the field ".


  • Origin and history of Rugby
  • Rugby Rules – 15 rules in a nutshell
  • How is Rugby played?
  • Measurements of the ball according to the rules of rugby
  • Field or court according to the rules of Rugby
  • Rugby positions and player roles
  • Rugby rules for formations

Origin and history of Rugby

Rugby is a sport originating in England created in the 19th century, it is believed to have been created around 1823. The history of Rugby originates in the Rugby region, when a student named William Webb Ellis cheated during a football match. , and the game evolved, in 1896 Football and Rugby stopped being the same sport. And in 1879 the Rugby Football Union was created in England, today it is known by another name, The World Rugby , and is the highest authority within the sport. This was the first Rugby federation in the world and had 22 teams registered. Being the highest authority, world rugby is the one who issues the  rules of rugby .

The first international match in the  history of rugby faced England and Scotland in 1871, in 1872 both teams as well as Wales and Ireland played the Four Nations tournament, this tournament is still played now, and is known as the tournament of the Six nations, in addition to the aforementioned ones, are also competing in this tournament, the French National Team, and the Italian National Team, which together with England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland, are the best teams playing Rugby in Europe.

Like many other sports in Rugby, a world cup is also disputed. In this case, it has been disputed since 1984, every four years, and faces more than 120 teams, which are the ones that fight for one of the 20 places in the final phase that will take place in a certain venue. The last team to win the World Cup were the springboks, the South African team, thus achieving their third coronation.

Rugby Rules – 15 rules in a nutshell

Below we will put a list of what we believe are the most basic rules of rugby :

  1. Passing the ball forward is not allowed . The ball is also not allowed to  fall forward, which is called knock-on or Avant.
  2. Rugby law stipulates that the  ball can only go forward if it is carried, or if it is kicked or kicked forward.
  3. Any player who is on the field can advance with the ball .
  4. A Player who has been tackled or brought down must immediately pass or release the ball . The player who has knocked down the previous one also has to drop the player immediately.
  5. A scrum restarts play after an Avant. Scrums are also performed for other less frequent reasons.
  6. Rugby is a continuous  sport, there are no interruptions. Unless there are injuries.
  7. The end line or line-out restarts the game when the ball leaves the field of play.
  8. A try occurs when a team plants the ball beyond the goal line.
  9. According to the rules of rugby , 5 Points are awarded per try.
  10. After the test you can shoot the ball , if you sneak it between the two sticks, they give you 2 additional points.
  11. If you kick the ball when the game is going on and you hit it between the posts, you get 3 points.
  12. After converting a try or penalty, the ball is thrown towards the scoring team.
  13. The rules of rugby define that it is played for 80 minutes divided into 2 parts of 40 each.
  14. Time only stops if there are injuries.
  15. There are two linesmen who help to indicate if the ball or the players go out of bounds .

How is Rugby played?

Rugby is an easy game to play, it is a continuous sport where two teams carry, pass, kick and support the ball with the aim of scoring as many points as possible. According to rugby regulations , the one who scores the most points will be the one who wins the match.

Each team has 15 field players , where each one has tasks specific to their positions as individual players. The players are generally divided into two groups, the forwards comprising eight players and a second group being the defenders, which are the remaining players (seven).

If a player is tackled they must immediately release the ball , this usually results in a rack. If a player is contained while stationary, this is called a 3 or more player forced maul . The purpose of both formations is that the game can continue without having to stop time.

The line out and the scrum are two key elements in Rugby. As the rules of rugby say, a scrum occurs when there is a forward pass or the ball is dropped forward for some reason, and a lineout occurs when the ball goes outside the playing lines of the pitch . Both of these methods are ways to reset the game.

A try is scored when a player grounds the ball in the opponent's end zone, it is worth 5 points, and can be converted with an additional 2 points, after kicking the ball through the middle of the posts. Other types of points can go up on the scoreboard through a drop kick or a penalty to the sticks. Both are worth 3 points.

The rules of rugby dictate that the game ends after 80 minutes of match divided into 2 parts of 40 minutes.

Measurements of the ball according to the rules of rugby

The rugby ball , along with the H-shaped posts, are the most characteristic elements of this sport, since rugby is played with an oval-shaped ball . According to the  history of rugby , in 1891 the International Rugby Football Board (today World Rugby) established the official measurements of the rugby ball , these are included in the rugby rules , and are as follows: 28 centimeters long, 77 centimeters wide perimeter, 66 centimeters in circumference and a weight of 400 grams.

Field or court according to the rules of Rugby

According to the rules of rugby, a regulation field  must be 100 meters long and 69 meters wide.

The side lines are called touch lines and there are two areas called goal/strife zones, behind the try line. The test area must be between 10 and 22m deep.

Another important line on the field of play is the halfway line. In the 50m there is an intermittent line, at 10m parallel to it which is used by the linesmen. In addition, the rugby rules indicate that there is another continuous line 22m from the try line on both sides. Finally, there are flashing lines at 5 and 15m parallel to the touch lines. these lines are used to identify where touches (throw-ins) must be made.

The goal posts are located on the test line, with a crossbar 3m high. The poles have a separation of 5.6m and their height can be variable, although it is preferable that it exceeds 8 meters.

Rugby positions and player roles

Rugby teams are made up of 15 players . As the rules of rugby say, the number that each player wears determines his positions on the field. The players from 1 to 8 are called forwards and are the ones that form the scrum. Players 9 through 15 play  positions called fullbacks , also known as the three-quarter line.

Duties of forwards in rugby – Front line

They are the  heaviest rugby players on the team, it is the line that collides with the rival scrum . This first line is formed by the heeler / hooker who is number two according to the  rules of rugby union . The heeler / hooker is in the center and receives this name because he is the player in charge of heeling the rugby ball during the scrum , since he is in the position of the middle of the scrum . On the sides we find numbers 1 and 3, which are the pillars. In the positions of the pillars it is essential that the players know how to grab and push correctly in order to win the scrum .

Rugby rules for forwards – Second row

The second row is made up of the players with the numbers 4 and 5. The positions of these  rugby players are behind the first row and they must be tall players , since the function of their positions  is to provide stability and drive to the scrum . They are also the players in charge of contesting the touch (out of band).

Forwards positions in rugby – Third row

The third line is made up of two different positions , the flankers (with numbers 6 and 7 according to rugby regulations ), and player number 8. The flankers or rugby wings are the  positions  of the most dynamic, strong and fastest forwards. and forceful in the clash, since they are in charge of correcting the defensive positions . The 8, the last striker and the first three quarters. He is the largest of the rugby forwards , and is responsible for supporting the front row positions  with his momentum.

Rugby rules for defenders – scrum half

The rugby player with the number 9 number, is together with the 10 the brain of the team. Many balls pass through his hands , so he is the organizer of the game. The rugby scrum half must be in good physical shape, be quick in making decisions and have refined technique. He directs the forwards' game, usually standing behind them and directing their game with different orders. The rugby scrum half also links the game with the three quarters.

Duties of rugby backs – opening

The rules of rugby say that the rugby opener is player number 10. The player the game moves on. The rugby halfback is the player who determines the movements of the three quarters and the team at all times. When he receives the ball from the scrum half he has several options: run, pass the ball and start a play or kick the ball . The rugby fly half performs various maneuvers and combinations during the game to avoid tackles from the rivals. Along with 10, they are the players who, due to their  positions , must organize the entire team.

Rugby Defensive Positions – Center Backs

The players with numbers 12 and 13 perform the functions of the defense positions called center backs . They are very powerful players physically and with greater power to stop the rival attacks and penetrate the opposite line with their power. Rugby centre-backs tend to master the foot game more specifically than wings, who are more specialized in handball.

Defensive Rugby Players – Wings

The rugby backs, which as rugby rules say are numbers 11 and 14 are called rugby wings . They are the fastest players on the three-quarter line that line up at the ends of the line. Rugby wings look for depth in attacking plays and must have a good reception of balls in the air.

Rugby rules for backs – full back

Defensive players with the number 15, play according to rugby regulations in the position called full back . He must know a lot tactically and technically. The rugby defender must know how to read the games, how to attack the rivals and join the attack taking advantage of the opponent's defensive gaps. The defender 's kick  is essential, especially defensively. Player 15 must be strong in tackling and forceful in stopping because it is the last obstacle between the rival and the team's goal area. Being so far back in these positions allows the  defender  to have an excellent vision of the team and his performance.

Rugby rules for formations

Scrum – rugby formation to restart play

According to Rugby rules, a scrum is one of the most common formations in this sport, and its objective is to restart the game once there has been some type of dispute with the ball (for example, it could be a stoppage, or for a minor offence). Also known as a scrum, it is formed when there are 2 groups of forwards who stand in front of each other in such a way that they lean over each other. The ball will be placed on the ground, in the center of the two teams. The rugby regulations state that each of the groups must be made up of a minimum number of 5 players per team (the most common is that we are talking about 8 players ). In the scrum  is where  hooker positions  come into  play.

Touch – rugby formation for throw-ins

When the ball leaves the field, it is put back into play by means of a throw-in which, according  to rugby rules , throws the ball straight between two lines of players , who must jump to obtain it. Normally the players  from the second row positions , 4 and 5, dispute the touch .