Rules of Professional and Amateur Boxing ,History, ring, categories, weights - teenflixsports

Rules of Professional and Amateur Boxing🥊 History, ring, categories, weights🏆

Boxing is a fighting sport, and  boxing rules are essential to protect its practitioners, both in professional and amateur boxing. The history of boxing began more than 8,000 years ago, and since then the rules of boxing have evolved and the fights have aroused passion around the world. Throughout boxing history there have been many epic moments in the ring, helping this combat sport reach the top. From its origins, boxing also had a leading role in multiple films. However, in the cinema the rules of boxing have not always been correctly reflected .

Therefore, if you want to learn more about this sport, your best bet is to read this article. In a few lines we collect all the different categories of fights and boxing weights , both in professional and amateur boxing .We also explain in detail the rules that govern the ring, the duration of the fights and the rounds. Thanks to our explanations you will be able to understand how a boxing protection, takedown and knockout count works . At the same time you will become familiar with the boxing rules for scoring and what it means to throw in the towel. And finally, we will give you a brief summary of the material used by boxers, from gloves to bandages


  • Origin and history of boxing
  • Basic Boxing Rules
  • boxing types
  • Ring boxing rules (canvas or ring)
  • How long does a boxing match last?
  • Boxing rules in rounds
  • Protection count and knockdown in boxing
  • Boxing rules for knockout
  • Boxing score and victory by points
  • throw in the towel in boxing
  • boxing rules for gloves
  • Boxing rules regarding bandages or bandages
  • Categories and weights in boxing

Origin and history of boxing

Boxing  history begins in what is now Ethiopia some 6,000 years BC. From there it spread to Egypt and Mesopotamia, to finally reach Greece, Rome and India. Some of these cultures stipulated in their boxing rules that contestants had to wear cloth gloves to fight, while in other cultures they fought with bare knuckles.

According to Homer's Iliad, boxing was included in the XXIII Olympic Games of antiquity, around the year 688 BC. However, the history of boxing suffered a setback when Christianity arrived in Europe, since the sport was practically eliminated. On the other hand, in Asia it became popular, a new variant of the sport called Muay Thai (Thai Boxing) was even created, its rules were different from the current boxing rules .

The  history of boxing changed with the arrival of the French and English empires in the 17th century, with the name of "French boxing" and "English boxing" the sport was reborn on European territory. English boxing received the name "boxing", which was nothing more than street fights without gloves or anything, something that is far from the current boxing rules .

The fights were organized in the streets and in the middle of a circle of people there was a ring  that was nothing more than a line on the ground in the shape of a circle. These bouts had no time limit, and betting was common. Due to this, the combats ended with the boxers seriously injured or even dead in some cases.

Basic Boxing Rules

  • The fight will have to take place in a boxing ring of 7.3 meters per side or as close as possible.
  • The rounds will last 3 minutes and one minute between them.
  • Boxing rules prohibit fighting hand-to-hand or using your arms.
  • If a fighter falls, he must get up without the help of anyone in 10 seconds maximum. The opponent must return to the neutral corner of the ring , when the boxer on the ground gets up the round will continue. In case the fallen fighter does not get up after 10 seconds, the referee has the power to win the opponent.
  • If a contestant supports himself on the ropes in a helpless state, he will be considered as fallen even if his legs are touching the floor of the boxing ring .
  • In the event that the fight is interrupted for some reason of majeure, the referee is the one who will indicate the date and place where the fight will resume as soon as possible. Unless both fighters agree to call it a draw.
  • No member of the fighters' corner will be allowed to remain in the boxing ring  during the rounds.
  • Gloves must be new and of the proper size.
  • In the event that a glove is damaged or torn, the referee is the one who makes the decision to replace it.
  • The rules of professional or amateur boxing prohibit the use of shoes or boots with studs or spikes in the ring .
  • A fighter with one knee on the canvas is considered down and if he is hit by his opponent, the fight can be considered a draw.

boxing types


The history of professional boxing dates back to between the 17th and 19th centuries, and it became a sport driven by money. Boxers fought each other for prize money, locals offered the fights to earn money by selling tickets, and people bet money on the winner in order to win money. So boxing went from being amateur boxing to being a job for those who practiced it, since a lot of money was earned.

According to the  rules of boxing , there is a limit of rounds per fight, initially it was 15 rounds, but with the aim of protecting the boxers a little more, a new maximum of rounds (12) was put in the way.

As the  boxing rules say , headgear is not allowed in professional boxing . Although the referee has full power to stop a fight if he sees an ugly blow or one of the fighters is being punished excessively. This was introduced into the boxing rules in case a contestant could not hold out during the entire fight due to having suffered some type of injury during the celebration of it. Another of the  boxing rules, in this case of professional boxing , is that boxers must bare their chests.


In the rules of boxing , amateur boxing is also won by achieving points, which are achieved through clean blows, leaving aside the physical damage that these can cause to the rival. The boxing rules stipulate that four rounds of two minutes each must be completed, except in the match at the national level of the Amateur Boxing Association or ABA (Amateur Boxing Association) which will be three rounds of two minutes each, leaving one minute rest between the end and start of each round.

As the boxing rules say and as it happens in the Olympics, in amateur boxing you also have to wear head protection and gloves with knuckle protection. When is a hit a point? When a punch or blow connects with the white part of the gloves. In addition, in the boxing rules it says that all blows that are given to the head or torso are also deserving of points. The referee must ensure that the boxers respect the rules of boxing and only deal legal blows (no blows below the waist). Boxers who do not abide by the boxing rules will be disqualified.

The referee will also ensure that the boxers do not use techniques called "strengthening" which, according to boxing rules , seek to prevent the opponent from striking. When this occurs, the referee must separate the two fighters. It is also penalized to grab the opponent or if the fight continues when one of the contestants is seriously injured.

However, regarding the scoring of the blows, it is not governed by the referees but is a decision that concerns five judges (in smaller bouts it can be three judges).


Olympic boxing is governed by the rules of boxing , in this case of professional boxing . This type of boxing arose after amateur boxing became an Olympic sport in 1904, for the second time in its history . In the Olympics, the rounds are usually limited to three or four according to boxing rules , and the winner is also given by points, unlike professional boxing , boxers must wear head protection to avoid as many injuries as possible. and also preventing knockouts and takedowns from occurring.


To know the rules of women's boxing and its history , we have to travel to the 18th century. Although women's boxing has taken many years to become accepted and popular, boxing matches between women existed and were practiced. This sport was the cause of several trials that were organized to be able to decide if women had the right to practice boxing or not.

Most of the rules of women's boxing are very similar to the rules of men's boxing, despite the prejudices and discrimination that this women's sport suffers. This sport won the Olympic category at the 2011 Pan American Games and was also part of the 2012 London Olympics.

Ring boxing rules (canvas or ring)

The corners of the boxing ring

In the boxing rules , the ring will be equipped at each of the vertices of the ring with four lined posts or constructed in such a way that the boxers cannot injure themselves against them. The inside corner area, formed by the ropes at each corner of the ring, will be protected by a narrow vertical mat. At the same time, the mat will protect the angles formed by the four ropes, preventing professional or amateur boxing competitors from hitting the rope tensioning mechanisms.

Two of the corners will be one red and one blue (each one of the Fighters' corners) and the other two white (neutral corners). The protections of the corners of the boxing ring will be placed as follows: in blue the one in the left corner closest to the Federative Officials Table; white in the left corner furthest from it; red in the farthest right corner of it and white in the closest right corner. Therefore, the Officials Table, located on one side of the boxing ring , will have a blue corner on the left and a white one on the right.

quadrilateral chords

According to boxing rules , the ring will have four ropes, well stretched and taut, with a minimum diameter of three (3) cm and a maximum of five (5) cm. The ropes of a professional or amateur boxing ring must be at a height of 0.40/0.45 m, 0.70/0.75 m, 1.00/1.05 m, 1.30/1, 35m, respectively. The ropes will be attached to each other on each side and at regular intervals with two thin cloth or canvas ribbons 3 to 4 cm wide. These cloth or canvas straps must not slip along the rope.

The boxing ring bell

In the rules of professional or amateur boxing , each assault (round) is limited in time. Consequently, boxers are told when each round begins and ends, to stop punching immediately upon hearing the sound of a bell. It is common for boxers to be warned 10 seconds before the bell rings. The metallic tone of the bell is easily perceived, and therefore it only rings once on each occasion. However, today the doorbell can also take the form of an electronic signal. The bell is rung by one of the judges or refereeing staff, so it is not present inside the boxing ring but around it. It is forbidden to continue hitting after hearing the bell.

How long does a boxing match last?

As it says in the  boxing rules , there are two ways to end a boxing match, the first is that there is a KO (knockout), and the second is that all the scheduled rounds are completed. Depending on the modality to which the combat belongs, it will have one or another number of rounds. In this case we are talking about professional boxing , which has 12 rounds of 3 minutes each and a minute of rest between rounds. Therefore, according to the  rules of boxing , we know that the maximum that a boxing match can last is 47 min.

Boxing rules in rounds

As stipulated in boxing rules , the rounds must be three (3) minutes (for men's professional boxing ), always separated by a one (1) minute rest interval. For bouts between women, the duration of the rounds will be two (2) minutes, with rest intervals also of one (1) minute. During this break, the boxer is assisted by his Trainer and Qualified Assistants, who must be in possession of the corresponding valid license. Ten (10) seconds before the end of this interval, the Announcer will issue the voice of "seconds out", at which time the Assistants must leave the boxing ring . The Trainer will do so at the latest at the signal to start the match.

Protection count and knockdown in boxing

When a fighter is knocked down, they have 10 seconds to get up and get back into the fight. It is what in boxing rules is called Protection Count. During this time, the opponent must be in the farthest neutral corner of the boxing ring  and may not strike or stalk until the referee continues the bout.

Boxing rules for knockout

The boxing rules determine a knockout (or knockout) in order to protect a fighter who has received a blow that has caused a cut or an injury qualified by the supervising doctor as dangerous. Each boxer has his own doctor who helps him with the blows and determines if the fight can continue or not. When a knockout occurs in professional or amateur boxing matches , boxing rules determine that the opponent is the winner of the match.

Boxing score and victory by points

Points in professional boxing under the rules of boxing and the 2 largest boxing organizations (WBC and WBA) are based on the performance of the contestants in each round. 3 judges are the ones who determine which fighter wins and which one loses.

At the start of the match, both competitors start with 10 points each. At the end of each round, the competitor who, according to the judges, has had the best performance, the most number of hits correctly delivered and the most number of hits evaded will keep those 10 points while the competitor who shows less performance in the round, 1 point will be subtracted, keeping only 9 points, that is, in almost all rounds, as long as there is no knockout by any of the competitors, the results will be 10-9 (the winner will get 10 points and the loser 9 points) in case of equal performance both competitors will obtain 10 points.

In the event of a knockdown without a knockout , 1 point is subtracted from the fighter's score, that is, the final score of the round can be 10-8 in case there has been a knockdown by the losing fighter, and even In extreme cases, scores of up to 10-7 have been seen in the event that there are 2 knockdowns in the same round, in the event that the 10-second count passes and the fighter does not get up, the fight is considered over and the opponent immediately wins.

throw in the towel in boxing

In the boxing rules , the trainer can throw in the towel in the middle of the fight to stop the fight. In professional boxing when the trainer sees that his boxer is on the limit and can't take it anymore. The coach throws a towel into the ring  as a sign of surrender. This expression has made its way out of the boxing ring  and now everyone knows that throwing in the towel means giving up.

boxing rules for gloves

Following the boxing rules , the gloves will be provided by the Promoter and must be presented to the Delegate. The weight of the gloves in professional boxing must be 227 grams (8) ounces each, from Minimum weights to Super Welterweights, included. And 284 grams (10) ounces each, from Medium to Heavy. Gloves must be those approved by the FEB . They will be of the type tied with ribbons on the wrists, and will have the thumbs attached or glued. In order to prevent the laces of the glove straps from coming undone, proceed once they are properly knotted. Sealing the tie with cloth adhesive tape (sticking tape) surrounding the entire wrist, reaching the edge of the glove and covering it.

Boxing rules regarding bandages or bandages

As stipulated in the rules of boxing , the organizer provides the boxers with two identical bandages. The boxing bandages must be completely dry at the time of the bandage, since it is forbidden to put drying powders or of any other kind. Bandages in professional and amateur boxing  are made up of:

  • Soft bandages (gauzes) 5 m long and 5 cm wide, for each hand.
  • Adhesive fabric (cloth tape) 5 m long and 2.5 cm wide, on each hand. These boxing bandages are applied smooth, without covering the knuckles of the boxer who will be wearing the striking front covered only by soft bandages. Boxers are allowed a strip of adhesive tape between the fingers, so that the boxing wrap stays in place.

Categories and weights in boxing

The denomination of the weight is very important in boxing, that is why the boxing rules stipulate in which category each fighter will be. This will be the one delimited between the maximum of the lower category and the maximum of the corresponding one. Except the Minimum or Straw and the Heavy that will not have a lower or upper limit respectively. Boxers may only enter the boxing ring  with contenders of the same category, whether in professional or amateur boxing .

  • Minimum or straw: weight limit for men and women 47,627 kg.
  • Mini fly: weight limit for men and women 48,988 kg.
  • Fly: weight limit for men and women 50,802 kg.
  • Super fly: weight limit for men and women 52,163 kg.
  • Rooster: weight limit for men and women 53,525 kg.
  • Super roosters: weight limit for men and women 55,338 kg.
  • Feather: weight limit for men and women 57,152 kg.
  • Super featherweight: weight limit for men and women 58,967 kg.
  • Light: weight limit for men and women 61,237 kg.
  • Super Light: weight limit for men and women 63,503 kg.
  • Welterweight: weight limit for men and women 66,678 kg.
  • Super Welterweight: weight limit for men and women 69,853 kg.
  • Medium: weight limit for men 72,574 kg, weight limit for women 76,205 kg.
  • Super medium: weight limit for men 76,205 kg.
  • Light heavyweight: weight limit for men and women 79,378 kg.
  • Cruise: weight limit for men 86,184 kg.
  • Heavy: weight limit for men greater than 85,184 kg, weight limit for women greater than 79,378 kg.